Xarelto is a brand name for the medication Rivaroxaban. It belongs to a class of drugs known as direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) or novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs). Xarelto is commonly used to prevent and treat blood clots, reducing the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in individuals with certain medical conditions. Rivaroxaban works by inhibiting a specific factor in the blood clotting process called Factor Xa. By inhibiting this factor, Xarelto helps prevent the formation of blood clots, which can be particularly important in conditions like atrial fibrillation, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and following certain types of surgeries where the risk of blood clot formation is elevated.It's important to note that Xarelto is a prescription medication, and its use should be closely monitored by a healthcare professional. The dosage and duration of treatment will depend on the specific condition being treated and individual patient factors.